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保安需要了解的法律知识有哪些?

来源:http://www.hainanztb.com  发布时间:2018-07-04
1、 什么是法律?
1. What is law?
法律有广义、狭义之分。广义的法律是指国家意志的体现,是由国家制定或认可并由国家强制力保障实施的具有普遍效力的行为规范的总和。狭义的法律系指特定国家机关制定或认可的行为规范。在我国只有全国人民代表大会及其常务委员会依法定程序制定和颁布的规范性文件,才称为法律。
The law has a broad and narrow sense. The general law refers to the embodiment of the state's will. It is the sum of the norms of behavior, which is enacted by the state, and is guaranteed by the force of the state. The narrow sense of law refers to the norms of behavior formulated or approved by specific state organs. In our country, only the normative documents formulated and promulgated by the National People's Congress and its Standing Committee according to law are called laws.
2、什么是法制?社会主义法制的基本要求是什么? 法制是指立法、执法、守法和监督法律实施四个环节,这四个环节构成一个协调统一的整体。社会主义法制的基本要求是:“有法可依、有法必依、执法必严、违法必究”,其核心是“有法必依”。广西刑辩网
2. What is the legal system? What are the basic requirements of the socialist legal system? The legal system refers to the four links of legislation, law enforcement, law-abiding and supervision of law enforcement. These four links constitute a harmonious and unified whole. The basic requirements of the socialist legal system are: "there are laws to follow, laws must be enforced, law enforcement must be strict, and laws must be investigated". Guangxi criminal defense network
海口保安公司, 海南保安公司
3、什么是宪法?
3. What is the Constitution?
宪法是享有立法权的最高国家权力机关,经过特殊组织形式和立法程序和颁布的规范文件。宪法在国家制定的法律文件中具有最高的法律效力,是制定其他法律的基础和依据。因此,宪法是国家的根本大法,是国家的总章程。其他法律都不能与宪法相抵触。宪法在全国范围内有效。4、什么是公民?
The constitution is the highest organ of state power that enjoys the legislative power. It is subject to special organizational forms, legislative procedures and normative documents promulgated. The constitution has the highest legal effect in the legal documents formulated by the state, and is the basis and basis for formulating other laws. Therefore, the constitution is the fundamental law of the state and the general statute of the state. Other laws are not incompatible with the constitution. The constitution is valid throughout the country. 4. What is a citizen?
具有中华人民共和国国籍的人,为民事法律关系中最基本的民事主体之一。公民是一个法律概念,是指权利的享有者和义务的承担者。广西刑辩网
A person with the nationality of People's Republic of China is one of the most basic civil subjects in civil legal relations. Citizen is a legal concept. It refers to the right holder and the duty bearer. Guangxi criminal defense network
5、什么是刑法?
5. What is the criminal law?
广义的刑法是体现统治阶级意志,并以国家名义规定何种行为是犯罪处以何种刑罚的法律规的总称。狭义的刑法,仅指《中华人民共和国刑法》。
The generalized criminal law is a general rule of law which reflects the will of the ruling class and stipulates what kind of act is the penalty for the crime in the name of the state. The narrow sense of Criminal Law refers only to the criminal law of the People's Republic of China.
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