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保安业的发展与社会控制体系的搭建

来源:http://www.hainanztb.com  发布时间:2018-06-14
保安业的发展与社会控制体系的搭建在维护社会秩序方面,警察一元主体的社会控制体系显得有些力不从心,保安服务公司的产生有效地缓解了这个问题。但在现实中,如何划分保安服务公司与公安机关的业务范围、职责权力,以及保安服务公司能否成为与公安机关并驾齐驱的社会控制体系中的又一主体,这都是在我国社会、经济高速发展中亟待解决的问题。
The development of the security industry and the construction of the social control system in the maintenance of social order, the social control system of the main body of the police appears to be incompetent, and the emergence of the security service company has effectively relieved this problem. But in reality, how to divide the business scope, responsibility and power of the security service company and the public security organs, and whether the security service company can become another main body in the social control system which is driving side by side with the public security organs, is a problem to be solved urgently in the rapid development of our society and economy.
当前警察一元控制主体维护社会秩序的现状
The current situation of controlling the main body and maintaining social order by the police
改革开放以来,我国经济迅速发展,社会转型加速,社会结构发生巨大变化。与此相伴的是社会控制能力弱化,社会矛盾增多,利益冲突加剧,传统的社会控制体系已很难适应当下的社会现实,我国面临着社会控制体系的重构,但是传统因素的解体速度与现代化因素的形成速度间有一定的异步性,导致了社会控制体系出现“相对真空”的状态,所以社会控制出现了许多空缺、漏洞,导致社会秩序一定程度的紊乱。
Since the reform and opening up, China's economy has developed rapidly, social transformation has accelerated, and social structure has undergone tremendous changes. It is associated with the weakening of the social control ability, the increase of social contradictions and the intensification of the conflicts of interest. The traditional social control system has been difficult to adapt to the social reality. Our country faces the reconstruction of the social control system, but the speed of the disintegration of the traditional factors and the speed of the modernization factor has a certain asynchronism. The social control system has "relative vacuum", so there are many vacancies and loopholes in social control, resulting in a certain degree of disorder in social order.
在依法治国的社会中,我国在社会控制上依然强调依靠政府的管理力量,行政色彩浓厚,社会力量参与管理的积极性没有被充分调动,从而导致管理的效益难以提高。在我国,公安机关是实施社会控制的基本力量,是社会控制的主要职能部门,在社会控制体系中占有重要的地位。
 重庆保安公司加盟
In the society governing the country by law, our country still emphasizes the management strength of the government, the administrative color is strong, the enthusiasm of the social forces participating in the management is not fully mobilized, which leads to the difficulty of improving the management efficiency. In our country, public security organs are the basic force to implement social control, the main functional departments of social control, and play an important role in the social control system.
警察在社会控制中发挥的作用毋庸置疑,但随着各国经济社会的发展,各类犯罪数量激增,犯罪手段日趋高科技化,加之人们对安全服务的需求越来越多,单单依靠警察这一公共的行政力量来预防、打击违法犯罪活动,再加上提供安全服务,就愈加显得力不从心,仅仅依靠警察这一元主体来进行社会控制已不适应社会的现实状况。传统警察一元主体控制体系所带来的不能满足社会日益增多的安全需求和警力不足的问题困扰着世界上的各个国家,各国也都在进行警务改革。近些年,国外“警务社会化”引领的警务改革浪潮也漂洋过海来到了中国。“向素质要警力”、“向科技要警力”、“警力有限,民力无穷”等理念频频提出并付诸实践,这虽然在一定程度上缓解了紧张的警察力量,提高了警察的工作效率,但随着我国社会转型的加速和深化,警力不足依然是掣肘公安机关的重要问题。
The role of the police in social control is beyond doubt. However, with the development of the economy and society of all countries, the number of crimes is increasing, the means of crime is becoming more and more hi-tech, and the demand for security services is more and more. To provide security services is more and more inadequate. Relying solely on the main body of the police to carry out social control has been unable to adapt to the reality of society. The problem of not meeting the increasing security demand and the shortage of police force caused by the traditional police unit control system is plagued by various countries in the world, and all countries are also carrying out the reform of police affairs. In recent years, the wave of policing reform led by foreign policing socialization has also crossed the sea to China. "To the quality of the police force", "to science and technology to police force", "limited police force, the power of the people are endless" and other concepts frequently put forward and put into practice, which, to some extent, relieved the tension of the police force and improved the efficiency of the police. However, with the acceleration and deepening of the social transformation of our country, the shortage of police force still impeded the public. The important issue of the security organ.
任何事物都有其产生与发展的必然性,保安服务公司也不例外。近代的西方社会,经济迅速发展,原有的政府管理模式不再适应社会现实,人们不断寻求有关政府改革的模式,这一时期出现了很多有关政府改革的理论,公共治理理论就是其中之一。所谓公共治理理论,简而言之就是政府要放权,政府部门不要大包大揽,要有自知之明,做自己应该做的事情,把可以交给社会、交给市场做的事情让渡出去,也就是我们常说的“做掌舵者而不是划桨人”。公共治理是一种区别于传统政府管理模式的新型社会管理模式,在这种模式中,政府部门与非政府组织,公共机构与私人机构相互合作,分享管理权力,通过多种管理手段,共担责任与义务,从而达到实现公共利益的目的。
Everything has its inevitability to produce and develop, and security service company is no exception. Modern western society, the rapid economic development, the original mode of government management no longer adapt to social reality, people continue to seek the mode of government reform, there are many theories about government reform in this period, and the public governance theory is one of them. The so-called public governance theory, in short, is the government to decentralization, government departments do not package, to be self-aware, do what they should do, to give to the society, to give to the market to do things out, that is, we often say "do the steer instead of the paddle." Public governance is a new type of social management model which is different from the traditional government management mode. In this mode, the government departments and non-governmental organizations, public institutions and private institutions cooperate with each other, share management power, share responsibilities and obligations through a variety of management means, and achieve the purpose of realizing public interests.
这种管理模式有以下三个特征:第一,治理目标上求公共利益;第二,治理主体多元化;第三,治理手段与方式的多样化。这一理论同样可以解释公安机关和保安服务公司的关系。公安机关把部分安全服务业务交给保安服务公司来做,为社会提供个别群体要求的安全服务,这有助于整体社会秩序的安定;其次,保安服务公司与公安机关共同协作,公安机关运用行政的手段,保安服务公司作为企业运用市场的手段,二者同时作为社会控制的主体维护社会秩序。
This management model has the following three characteristics: first, the governance objectives are to seek public interest; second, the diversification of the governance subject; third, the diversification of the means and ways of governance. This theory can also explain the relationship between public security organs and security service companies. The public security organs give some security service to the security service company and provide the society with the security services required by individual groups. This will help the stability of the whole social order. Secondly, the security service companies cooperate with the public security organs, the public security organs use the administrative means, the security service companies use the market as the enterprises. The two parties are also the main body of social control to maintain social order.
欢迎大家访问我们的海南保安公司加盟http://www.hainanztb.com,我们会把很多的精彩的内容不断的呈现给大家.
Welcome to our Chongqing security company to join http://www.cqzhongtebao.com. We will show you a lot of wonderful content.

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