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境外高风险地区项目的安保管理如何进行?

来源:http://www.hainanztb.com  发布时间:2018-02-14
近年来,我国企业境外发展形势迅速。据商务部统计,2012年,我国企业境外累计实现非金融类直接投资772.2亿美元,同比增长28.6%;对外劳务合作派出各类劳务人员51.2万人,较去年同期增加6万人。然而,我国企业海外投资或合作项目起步较晚,国外那些投资环境好、风险低的项目早已被发达国家跨国公司所瓜分。因此,我国企业投资的项目有一部分集中在中东、非洲、西亚等欠发达和高风险国家和地区。这此地区往往政局动荡不安、民族宗教冲突激烈、社会治安差,中资企业在境外面临的社会安全形势较为严峻。为保障中资企业在境外高风险地区项目人员和资产安全,安保问题显得越来越重要。
In recent years, the situation of overseas development of Chinese enterprises is rapid. According to the statistics of Ministry of Commerce, in 2012, the total foreign direct investment of Chinese enterprises reached 77 billion 220 million US dollars, an increase of 28.6% compared with the same period last year, and 512 thousand foreign labor cooperation workers, an increase of 60 thousand compared with the same period last year. However, China's overseas investment or cooperation projects started late. Foreign investment projects with good investment environment and low risk have been carved up by multinational companies in developed countries. Therefore, some of the investment projects in China are concentrated in the underdeveloped and high-risk countries and regions in the Middle East, Africa and West Asia. In this area, the political situation is often turbulent, the ethnic and religious conflicts are fierce, the social security is poor, and the social security situation facing the Chinese enterprises abroad is more severe. In order to ensure the safety of the personnel and assets of Chinese enterprises in high risk areas abroad, security issues are becoming more and more important.
境外高风险地区项目风险分析
Risk analysis of projects in high risk areas abroad
1.1境外项目突发事件现状
1.1 emergency situation of overseas projects
据不完全统计川,2013年第一季度,共发生对处投资合作境外安全突发事件23起,造成10人死亡,25人受伤,9人被绑架。从事件类型看,恐怖袭击或绑架事件6起,造成1人死亡,2人受伤,9人被绑架;社会治安事件7起,造成2人死亡,2i受伤;生产安全事故7起,造成6人死亡,2人受伤;疾病、自然灾害和意外事故3起,造成1人死亡。可见,因恐怖袭击、社会治安等原因引起的突发事件约为57%,是境外企业突发事件发生的主要原因。
According to incomplete statistics, in the first quarter of 2013, a total of 23 overseas security emergencies involving investment and cooperation occurred, which resulted in 10 deaths, 25 injuries and 9 kidnapping. From the types of events, terrorist attacks or kidnapping of 6, resulting in 1 deaths, 2 people were injured, 9 people were kidnapped; social security incidents since 7, killed 2 people, injured 2I; 7 work safety accidents, resulting in 6 deaths, 2 people were injured; accident disease, natural disasters and accidents 3 has caused 1 deaths. It can be seen that the sudden events caused by terrorist attacks and social security are about 57%, which is the main cause of unexpected incidents in overseas enterprises.
高风险地区项目风险特点
Risk characteristics of project in high risk area
境外高风险地区大都分布在北非、中东及西亚等欠发达地区,通常具有以下几个特点。
Most of the high-risk areas abroad are distributed in the underdeveloped regions such as North Africa, the Middle East and West Asia, and usually have the following characteristics.
1.2.1政治局势动荡
1.2.1 political turmoil
自2011年利比亚战乱之后,受“阿拉伯之春”影响,非洲、中东部分国家持续骚乱。2013年初,马
Since the war in Libya in 2011, affected by the "spring of Arabia", some countries in Africa and the Middle East continued to riot. At the beginning of 2013, Ma
There were wars in and between China and Africa. Hundreds of Chinese enterprises were evacuated by their homes; the civil war in Syria was upgraded, and the war between the government army and the anti government organization was held.
里、中非相继发生战乱,数百名中资企业员工被看家撤离;叙利亚内战升级,政府军与反政府组织战争持
In addition, most of the employees in the Syrian and Chinese enterprises are withdrawn.
1.2.2社会不稳定
1.2.2 social instability
在这些地区,由于社会治安差,抢劫、偷盗、勒索、绑架犯罪事件多。例如,2013年1月,苏丹达尔
In these areas, there are many crimes of robbery, theft, extortion, and kidnapping because of the poor social security. For example, in January 2013, Dahl, Sultan
富尔地区连续发生2起中资企业员工遭绑架事件,涉及7名中方员工和11名当地员工。
2 Chinese employees were kidnapped in the fulr region, involving 7 Chinese employees and 11 local employees.
1.2.3恐怖袭击多
1.2.3 terrorist attacks
2007年4月24日,中石油某勘探局在埃塞俄比亚东南部地区的项目工作人员遭武装分子袭击,造成9人死亡,7人被绑架;2012年1月28日,中水电集团29名中国工人在苏丹遭武装劫持。
In April 24, 2007, a project of PetroChina Exploration Bureau was attacked by militants in southeastern Ethiopia, killing 9 people and kidnapping 7 people. In January 28, 2012, 29 Chinese workers in the China Hydropower group were armed hijacked in Sultan.
这些国家局部地区政局动荡,宗教冲突加剧,社会治安恶化,恐怖活动较猖撅,经常发生绑架、袭击等恐怖事件,中资企业更是容易成为袭击对象。因此,中资企业在境外开展项即寸,应特别重视安保
The political situation in these countries local unrest, religious conflict intensified, the deterioration of social order, terrorist activities are rampant, frequent kidnappings, attacks and other terrorist attacks, the Chinese funded enterprises is likely to become the attack object. Therefore, Chinese enterprises should pay special attention to security in carrying out items in foreign countries.
工作。
Work.
高风险项目安保管理
Security management of high risk projects
为保证项目安全,在决策阶段,中资企业在投资前应聘请国际专业的安保咨询机构对所在地区的安
In order to ensure the safety of the project, in the decision-making stage, the Chinese enterprises apply for the international professional security advisory body to the area in the area before their investment.
全局势进行评估,根据评估结果判断潜在风险在采取积极的预防措施后是否在可接受的范围内。若风险可控,在启动项目后,应成立专门的机构负责安保管理,建立适用的安保管理体系和安保方案,建设必
The overall situation is evaluated and the assessment results are used to determine whether the potential risks are within acceptable limits after taking positive preventive measures. If the risk is controlled, after the project is started, a special institution should be set up to take charge of security management and establish an applicable security management system and security plan.
要的安全防范措施,对员工进行全方位的安保培训,制定相应的社会安全事件应急预案,并定期组织演
Safety precautions to be taken, a full range of security training for employees, the formulation of corresponding emergency plans for social security events, and regular organization of the performance
习,从而确保人员和财产安全。
Practice, so as to ensure the safety of personnel and property.
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